Tiruttani is a famous temple dedicated to Lord Subrahmanya and is situated 51 miles away from Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The temple is situated on a small hill, which is reached over a flight of 365 masonry stems.
Tiruttani is one of the six revered shrines of Lord Skanda, Muruga or Karthikeya and represents the place where Subramanyar rested after destroying the demon Surapadman. It has been revered by Arunagirinathar in Tiruppugazh hymns. Ramalinga Adigalaar is also associated with this shrine.
According to one legend Subramanyar married Valli who is from the Vallimalai hills located nearby. Another legend has it that Skanda married Deivayanai the daughter of Indra, the King of the Gods. Lord Indra presented his elephant Airavatam as a gift to the couple. However,upon Airavatam’s departure Indra’s wealth dwindled.
Lord Subramanya is said to have offered to return the elephant, but Indra refused to accept it and insisted that that the elephant face his direction. Hence the image of the elephant in this temple also faces east. It is also believed that Skanda bore the discus thrown by the demon Tarakasuran on his chest and hence the image of Subramanya in this temple bears a hollow in the chest and also that Skanda gifted the discus to Vishnu.
This temple has been patronized by the Vijayanagar rulers and local chieftains and zamindars and has also been mentioned in the Tirumurugaatruppadai composed by Nakkeerar. The hill temple can be reached by road, and also accessed through a flight of 365 steps. It has four prakarams and a series of towers. There is a shrine to Aabat Sahaaya Vinayakar who is said to have come to the aid of Skanda in winning Valli’s hand in marriage.
The origins of this temple, like most Hindu temples, are buried in antiquity. This temple has been mentioned in the Sangam period workTirumurugaatruppadai composed by Nakkerar. It has been patronized by the Vijayanagar rulers and local chieftains and zamindars.
Legend also has it that Indra the king of the Gods gave his daughter Deivayanai in marriage to Skanda, and along with her presented his elephant Airavatam as part of his dowry offering. Upon Airavatam’s departure Indra found his wealth waning. Subramanyar is said to have offered to return the white elephant, however Indra bound by protocol refused to accept a gift that he had made, and insisted that the elephant face his direction, hence the image of the elephant in this temple also faces the east.
Another legend has it that Indra presented a sandal stone as a part of his daughters dowry. The sandal paste made on this stone is applied to the image of Subramanya and the applied paste is said to acquire medicinal value. Legend also has it that Skanda bore the discus thrown by the demon Tarakasuran on his chest, and hence there is a hollow in the chest region of the image of Subramanya in this temple. Legend also has it that Skanda gifted the discus to Vishnu (Please also see Tiruveezhimizhalai and Tirumalper). Skanda is also believed to have imparted knowledge of Tamil to the sage Agasthyar and he is regarded as Veeramurthy, Gnanamurthy and Acharyamurthy in this shrine
Lord Rama after putting an end to Ravana, worshipped Lord Shiva at Rameswaram and then came to Tiruttani to find perfect peace of mind by worshipping Lord Subrahmanya here. In Dwapara Yuga, Arjuna got the blessings of our Lord here by offering prayers to Him on his way to the South for Teertha Yatra (pilgrimage to take sacred immersion). Lord Vishnu prayed to the Lord and got back His powerful Chakra (sacred wheel), Shanku (sacred conch), which were forcibly seized from Him by Tarakasura, brother of Soorapadma. Lord Brahma propitiated the Lord here at the holy spring known as Brahmasonai after his imprisonment by our Lord for his failure to explain the Pranava (‘Om’ mantra) and got back his creative function of which he was deprived by our Lord due to his egotistic impudence in neglecting to worship Lord Subrahmanya on his way to Mount Kailasa to worship Lord Siva. The final steps to the eastern entrance.
On worshipping our Lord at Thanikai, the king of snakes Vasuki got his bodily wounds healed, which had been caused during the churning process in the Milky Ocean to secure the Amrita (nectar of immortality) by the devas and asuras when the Mantotra Mountain was used as the churning base and the snake king Vasuki as the rope. Sage Agasthyar Muni (of Potikai Hill) worshipped Lord Muruga at Tanikai when he was blessed with the divine gift of the Tamil language.
Apart from its puranic greatness, Saint Arunagirinathar has praised this hill as the chosen place for worship by devas and the favorite abode of saints performing prolonged tapas. He also compared this hill to Sivaloka and as the very soul of the world. Sri Muttuswami Deekshitar, who lived 200 years ago had his inspiration in Tiruttani when the Lord met him on the steps and sweetened his tongue with the prasadam of this temple, which impelled him to compose and render his first krithi “Shri Nathadhi Guruguho Jayathi Jayathi” on Lord Murugan of Tanikai. The tempe vimanam was covered by gold.
Specialities of Tiruthani
The sacred tanks of the shrines of our Lord are all known as Saravanapoikai—Sacred pond of the ready marsh where Lord Karttikeya was born. The tank of Tiruttani, which is at the very foot of the hill, is particularly renowned for its sacred water (teertham) having curative effect for ailments both bodily and mental, as it is rich in minerals such as sulfur, iron etc. A bath in this holy tank refreshes the devotee and makes him hale and healthy to propitiate our Lord with faith and devotion.
Sapta Rishi Teertham
At the lovely garden on the south side of this sacred hill amidst a thick cluster of shady trees and seven cool sprints, the Seven Rishis—who today from the Great Bear Stellar constellation are said to have worshipped Lord Muruga and the Sapta Kannikas enshrined at this place in a tiny temple.
On the outskirts of Tiruttani town, on both sides of the Nandi River, are the ancient temples of Lord Vijayaragama Swami. Arumuga Swami and Veerateeswarar, the latter two of which are more than thousand years old. In the temple of Arumuga Swami. There is soorya puja every year for three days in March when the rising sun is said to worship our Lord by casting its rays upon the holy Feet of the deity on the first day, Breast on the second day and Head on the third day through a hold in the wall, which reveals the marvelous intellect of the architects of ancient days.
Abishek with hot water:-
Sri Aadhi Balasubramania graces on the wall behind the sanctum sanctorum as a child. He was the Lord with Akshara Mala and a Kamandala (a small pot with a handle to carry water usually held by Gods and Sages) before his wedding with Valli.
In the month of Marghazhi (December-January) abishek is performed with hot water as this is the winter season. Devotees cannot see their Child Lord trembling with cold, hence bathe him in hot water.
Prayers and Thanks giving:
Devotees throng the temple seeking wedding, child boons, family welfare and prosperity and longevity. Tonsuring, offering coins equal to one’s weight (Tulabaram), offering Pongal-pudding, performing abishek with Panchamirtham made of five ingredients, milk, sandal paste, lighting lamps with ghee, carrying milk pots, and feeding the poor are the main prayer commitments followed by the devotees.
Rich people offer liberal contributions for the maintenance and renovation of the temple.
Besides the monthly Krittikais which attract a large number of devotees to this shrine, the two outstanding annual festivals are the Aadi Krittikai and the 31st of December New Year Step Festival. The Float festival is celebrated in the month of Aadi, Bhramotsavam in the month of Maasi, during which Valli Kalyanam is celebrated on the 8th day, and the Skanda Sashti is celebrated in the Tamil month of Aippasi.
Aadi Krittikai festival usually in the months of July-August last for three days with Float Festival when lakhs and lakhs of devotees come to this holy place from far and near. The streets are thronged to the full. About on lakh and fifty thousand flower Kavadis are offered to the deity. This is increasing every year. The sight of the devotees who carry them, uttering the sacred and inspiring “Haro Hara!” as they march and dance in long rows touches the very core of our hearts and makes us spellbound. One should see it to believe it.
New Year Festival
When the old year is rung out and the New year sets in at the spoke of midnight on December 31st of each year lakhs of devotees are present on the sacred Tanikai hill to have the darshan of their Lord. They come to Tiruttani to offer their heart-felt prayers to our Lord on that day and night to be blessed with peace and plenty during the New Year. The festival came into vogue during the British Raj when the famous Vallimalai Swamigal persuaded his followers to offer their homage first to Lord Tanigesan the giver of all good, and only then to their official bosses. On this day, numerous bhajana parties gather and ascend the hill, singing the melodious Tiruppugazh songs and burning camphor on each of the hill’s 365 steps for each day of the New Year.
The entire atmosphere is filled with the music of these devotional songs, which is a feast to the eyes and ears. The sight of the Vel Kavadi taken to the shrine by some devotees on this day with the thin, sharp ends pricked and pierced all over the body above the hip inspires and elevates our thoughts to adore our Lord for His mighty, marvelous and miraculous powers.
Bhramotsavam-Celebrated in the month of Maasi.
Kandha Sashti-It is celebrated in the Tamil month of Aippasi.
Important Festivals of Tiruttani
- New year Festival
- Thai Pusam january
- Masi Brahmotsavam Febrauary
- Dhavan Utchavam February, March
- Chithirai Brahmotsavam April
- 1008 Milk Abhishegam April
- Vasantha Utchavam June
- Adi Kiruttikai July-Aug
- Adi Puram August
- Nava Ratri Sep-Oct
- Kanda Shasti, Oct-Nov
- Karttikai, Nov-Dec
Considered as the 5th among six abodes (Aru Padai Veedu) of Lord Subramanya
Considered as the most favorite hill of Lord Subramanya
Located atop the hill – 700 feet above sea level
Lord Subramanya reached this site after the battle and hence is found in a peaceful mood
Arunagirinathar has sung about this site in his famous Tiruppugazh
Nakkeerar of Tamil Sangam age has sung about the site in Tirumurugattrup Padai
God – Subramanya
Goddess – Valli and Deivayanai (Devasena)
Teerth (holy water) – Saravana Poigai
Stala Vruksha (holy tree) – Maguda
Thousands of people visit the temple daily to have the darshan of the murti of Muruga who alleviates all difficulties. Visiting time is
From –5.45 AM
Special days it is opened till midnight.
Daily Darshan timings
- First Drshan(Vishwaroopa Darshan)—6.00 AM
- Kala Shanti Puja—8.00 AM
- Noon Puja—12.00 PM
- Evening Puja—5.00 PM
- Arthajama Puja—8.00PM
- Last Puja (Palliyari puja)—9.00 PM
- The puja timings are as provided by the Government endowment board.
How to Reach?
Thiruthani is well connected by Tamil Nadu state transport corporation buses. It is connected to Tirupathi (56 km) and Chennai (70 km) with regular frequent bus services.
Location Map: Click here
Nearest major railheads to Thiruthani are Arakkonam junction and Chennai, which is well connected to all major railway stations in South India. The Chennai station is about 70 km away from Thiruthani.
Devotees from Chennai, other states and foreign countries can reach Tiruchirapalli by air. From Tiruchirapalli frequent bus facilities are available to reach Kumbakonam & Swamimalai.
Tiruchirapalli Airport – http://www.trichyairport.com/
Near by Temples and Pilgrimage Places:-
Thiruthani is surrounded by religious places such as Kancheepuram on the South, Sholingar and Vallimalai on the West, the famous pilgrimage centre, Tirupati and Kalahasti Shiva Temple on the North and Tiruvalangadu with Lord Nataraja on the East.
Madhur Arulmigu Mahishasuramardhini Temple, Nallatur Arulmigu Veera Anjaneya Temple, Arulmigu Arumugaswami Temple, Sholingar Narasimma Swamy Temple, Velanjeri Mangaleswar Sivan Temple are famous temples located near Thiruthani Murugan Temple.
Nearest Major Town/City:-
Chennai – 87 km from Chennai to Thiruthani
Address /Phone Numbers :
Tel. +91-4118- 285225, 285387,285303, 2788 5243.
The Joint Commissioner/Executive Officer
Sri Subramanya Swami Temple Office
Tiruvallur district., India
Nattukotta Chetty Chattiram
- Muruga bhaktas who wish to stay in a traditional chattiram may stay at this place. Accommodations are basic however, need to bring their own bedding.
- Others can have at Kumbakonam