Thursday , 23 March 2017

Srisaila Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple

srisalam diety
srisalam diety

 

srisa

Location

Srisaila Mallikarjuna Swamy temple holy place is located on the banks of River Krishna. Here River Krishna is in the form of Patalaganga (underground spring). Lakhs of devotees take a holy dip here and then go for the Darshan of the Jyotirlinga. Earlier, this part of the Shaila mountains was an unreachable tough terrain and fraught with danger. Even then, devotees, with their sheer will power, used to reach there in large numbers. Hiranyakashipa, Narada, Pandavas, Sri Ram are some of the great mythological personalities who have visited this holy shrine. shankara bhagavatpada, renukacharya, akka mahadevi, hemareddy mallamma are some of the great devotees who worshipped Lord mallikArjuna here.


temple

About Srisailam Temple

Srisailam Temple is famous for its historical background since 30,000-40,000 years of heritage. It played a dominant role in our religious, cultural and social history from ancient times. Stone tools of that period are abundantly found at various places of Srisailam such as Bheemuni Kolanu, Kailasadwaram etc.

The Epigraphical evidence reveals that the history of Srisailam begins with the Sathavahanas who were the first empire builders in South India. The earliest known historical mention of the Hill – Srisailam, can be traced in Pulumavis Nasik inscription of 2nd Century A.D. Malla Satakarani, an early member of the Satavahanas got his name after ‘Mallanna’ the deity on this sacred hill.

The Ikshvakus(AD 200-300), Vishnukundis(AD 375-612), Pallava Kingdom(AD 248-575), Kadambas(AD 340-450), Chalukyas (AD 624-848), and the Kakatiayas (AD 953-1323) contributed much for the growth of the temple. Several steps in regulating the temple management were taken during their period.

The period of Reddi Kings (AD 1325-1448) is the Golden Age of Srisaialm that almost all rulers of this dynasty did celebrated service for the temple. The Velama Chiefs constructed of steps at Jatararevu, en-route from Umamaheswaram to Srisailam. The major contributions and renovations at Srisailam were taken up by Vijayanagara Rules (AD 1336-1678). Srikrishnadevaraya visited the shrine in 1516 AD on his return journey after a war with Gajapathis and constructed Salumandapas on both sides of the car street. It also taken the credit of the construction of Rajagopuram of the temple by him.

In the year 1674 AD Chatrapathi Sivaji the great Maratha King visited Srisailam, restored the festivals of the temple under protection of his officers and taken up some renovations. Later the then British Government handed over the temple administration to the District Court. In 1929 a committee was constituted by the British Government for the management of the temple. In 1949 the temple came under the control of Endowments Departments and attained its past glory after it was opened by the road during the year 1956.

The shrine of Lord Mallikarjuna picturesquely situated on a flat top of Nallamalai Hills, Srisailam is reputed to be one of the most ancient kshetras in India. It is on the right side of the River Krishna in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh. This celebrated mountain is also named as Siridhan, Srigiri, Sirigiri, Sriparvatha and Srinagam. It has been a popular centre of Saivite pilgrimage for centuries.

srisailam mallikarjuna swamy

About Lord Mallikarjuna Swamy

The prominence of this Divya Kshetram is highlighted by the fact that while performing our daily household rituals we specify place of location of our existence with reference to Srisailam.

The presiding Deities of this kshetram Lord Mallikarjuna Swamy is one of the twelve Jyothirlingas and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is one of the eighteen Mahasakthis and both are self-manifested. The unique feature of this kshetram is the combination of Jyothirlingam and Mahasakthi in one campus, which is very rare and only one of its kind.

There is a common belief in vogue that this Holy Kshetram exists from times immemorial. The antiquity and origin of God Mallikarjuna Swamy and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is not known.

The Mallikarjuna Linga is accessible to each and every devotee and anybody can go into the sanctum sanctorum of Mallikarjuna, touch him and perform Abhishekam and Archana himself to recitation of Mantras by Archakas without caste or creed or religion. This clearly reveals that socialistic pattern of society started from this place and it is still in existence.

srisailam

History

When Kumar Kartikeya returned to Kailash after completing his trip around the earth, he heard about Ganesha’s marriage from Narada. This angered him. In spite of being restrained by his parents, he touched their feet in obeisance and left for Krounch Mountain. Parvati was very distraught at having to be away from her son, implored Lord Shiva to look for their son. Together, they went to Kumara. But, Kumara went away a further three Yojanas, after learning about his parents coming after him to Krouncha Mountain. Before embarking on a further search for their son on each mountain, they decided to leave a light on every mountain they visited. From that day, that place came to be known as JyotirLinga Mallikarjuna. It is believed that Shiva and Parvati visit this palce on Amavasya (No moon day) and (full Moon day) Pournami, respectively. Visiting this JyotirLinag not only blesses one with innumerable wealth, but also name and fame and fulfils all the desires.

Once, a princess named Chandravati decided to go to the Jungles to do penance and meditation. She chose Kadali Vana for this purpose. One day, she witnessed a miracle. A Kapila cow was standing under a Bilwa tree and milk was flowing from all of its four udders, sinking into the ground. The cow kept doing this as a routine chore everyday. Chandravati dug up that area and was dumb founded at what she saw. There was a self-raising Swyambhu SivaLinga. It was bright and shining like the sun rays, and looked like it was burning, throwing flames in all directions. Chandravati prayed to Siva in this JyotirLinga. She built a huge Shiva Temple there. Lord Shankara was very pleased with her. Chandravati went to Kailash wind borne. She received salvation and Mukti. On one of the stone-inscriptions of the temple, Chandravati’s story can be seen carved out.

Another legend

A number of legends have grown round Srisailam and its principal deities. Among them the most significant one is that Parvatha, son of Silada Maharshi is said to have performed penance, pleased Siva and made him agree to live on his body. This Parvatha assumed the shape of big Hill Sriparvatha and Siva lived on its top as Mallikarjuna Swamy.

According to one story Chandravathi,the ruler of Chandraguptha Patana situated near Srisailam on the opposite bank of the river Krishna ran away from her father who made amorous advances to her went up the hill and settled down there with few servants. One day she found that one of her cows standing above a natural rock formation resembling the Sivalinga and shedding its milk over it. The princess in dream was informed that the piece of the stone was a self-manifested Linga of God Mallikarjuna and took to worshipping it. This story is mentioned in the Skanda Purana. Two sculptures of the Prakara Wall of the temple also represent this story.

According to another story Sri,the daughter of a Rishi did penance, pleased Siva and got her name associated with the name of the Hill( Sailam ) which thereafter came to be known as Srisailam.

The Story of Vriddha Mallikarjuna

There is another story that a certain princes in stunch devotion wished to marry God Siva and always spent her time in worshipping him.  One night in dream Siva tells her to follow a block bee and staty where it settles till his arrival.  She wakes up from dream, found a bee, follows it and reaches the mountain of Srisailam.  The bee finally settles on a jasmine shrub and princes waits there.  She pines Siva for several days.  Meanwhile the Chenchus nourish her with honey and forest fruits every day.

At last Siva appears before her with and old and wrinkled face and said that in search of her, he become old.  The princes married him.

On the occasion of marriage the Chenchus invited the couple for dinner and offered meat and drink.  Siva did not accept that meal though the princes tried to insist him.

At last Siva left the spot and went away.   The princes called him for several times and he did not  listen to her.  Then she cursed him to become a stone (Linga) and he became Vriddha Mallikarjuna Swamy.  On observing this, Parvathi cursed her to become Bhramaram (bee) as she followed bee.

Even now in the temple cpmplex of Srisailam thre is the Shrine of Vriddha Mallikarjuna and some Scholars opined that the Vriddha Mallikarjuna Linga is probably a fossil of Arjuna Vriksham.  It seems that, this is the oldest structure in the entire complex of Srisailam and is of 70 to 80 thousand years old approximately.

pooja

Timings of Pooja’s

The timings of the temple is as follow:

From    To

4.30 AM          5.00 AM          Mangalavadyams.

5.00 AM          5.15 AM          Suprabhatam.

5.15 AM          6.30 AM          Pratahkalapuja, Gopuja and Maha Mangala Harathi.

6.30 AM          1.00 PM          Darshanam, Abhishekam and Archanas by the devotees.

1.00 PM          3.30 PM          Alankara Darshanam.

4.30 PM          4.50 PM          Mangalavadyams.

4.50 PM          5.20 PM          Pradoshakalapuja.

5.20 PM          6.00 PM          Susandhyam and Maha Mangala Harathi.

5.50 PM          6.20 PM          Rajopachara puja (Parakulu) to Bhramaramba Devi.

6.20 PM          9.00 PM          Darshanam, Abhishekam and Archanas.

9.00 PM          10.00 PM        Dharma Darshanam.

9.30 PM          10.00 PM        Ekantha Seva.

Festivals

The important annual festivals celebrated in the temple are

Mahasivaratri Brahmothsavamsbrahmostavam

The Mahasivarathri Utsavams are being celebrated as Brahmothsavams in the month of Magham (the 11th month of Indian Lunar Calendar) which falls usually in the month of February/March. This is a festival of eleven days with Navahaknika Deeksha. The Mahasivarathri day (29th day of Magham) is the most important day of the festival. The important events of the celebrations are Ankurarpana, Dhwajarohana, Vahana Sevas to God and Goddess, Lingodhbhavakala Maharudrabhishekam to God, Pagalankarana, Kalyanothsavam, Radhothsavam and Dhwajavarohana.

Ugadi Celebrations

The Ugadi celebrations performed for a period of five days. The festival begins three days before the Ugadi day i.e., Telugu New Years day (Chaitra Suddha Padyami) which generally falls in March / April. Nearly five Lakhs of pilgrims particularly from Karnataka and Maharastra States are visiting the temple during these utsavams.

Dasara Celebrationsutsavams

Devi Sarannavaratrulu is a festival of nine days beginning from the first day of Asweejam month (the 7th month of Indian Lunar Calendar) which generally falls in September or October. The important events of this utsavam are performing of Chandiyagam, Rudrayagam, Navadurga alankaras to Goddess and Vahana Sevas to God and Goddess besides several special poojas. Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is mainly worshiped in these utsavams.

Kumbhothsavams

utsavams 2

Kumbhothsavam is the most significant festival of the temple of Srisailam in which various offerings are made to Goddess Bhramaramba Devi. This festival celebrates on the first Tuesday or Friday (which ever first comes) after full moon day of Chaitram, the beginning month of Indian Calendar.

Sankranthi Uthsavams

utsavam 3

These Utsavams are performed on the occasion of Makara Sankramanam and are celebrated for a period of seven days with Panchahnika Deeksha in the month of Pushyam (the 10th month of Indian Calendar) which falls in the month of January.

Arudrothsavam

Arudra is the birth Star of God Siva. In Dhanurmasam on the day of Arudra Nakshatram Special Poojas like Lingodhbhavakala Rudrabhishekam, Annabhishekam and Vahana Seve are offered to God Mallikarjuna Swamy.

Kartheeka Masothsavams

utsavams 4

Karthikam, the 8th month of Indian Calendar is said to be the most auspicious month. On the important days of this month like Mondays, full moon day etc., Deepothsavam in which a large number of lamps are lighted in the temple premises. On the full moon day of the month Jwalathoranam (bonfire) performed in the temple. It is said that by mere seeing the said Jvalathoranam one can get clear of from sins.

Sravananamosothsvams

masotavams

These Utsavams are performed in Sravanam (August & September) the 5th month of Indian Calendar. In this month several special poojas are offered to God and Goddess. The special feature of this utsavam is of that Akhanda Sivanama Sankeerthana (Bhajana) performed round the clock continuously throughout the month.

Monthly Festivals

masautsavams

These Utsavams are performed in Sravanam (August � September) the 5th month of Indian Calendar. In this month several special poojas are offered to God and Goddess. The special feature of this utsavam is of that Akhanda Sivanama Sankeerthana (Bhajana) performed round the clock continuously throughout the month.

 

  • THE PANCHAMATHAMS
  • SIKHARAM
  • HATAKESWARAM
  • PHALADHARA PANCHADHARA
  • SAKSHI GANAPATHI
  • KAILASADWARAM
  • BHEEMUNI KOLANU
  • THE TEMPLE OF ISTAKAMESWARI
  • AKKAMAHADEVI CAVES
  • KADALIVANAM
  • NAGALOOTY
  • BHRAMARAMBA CHERUVU
  • SARVESWARAM
  • GUPTHA MALLIKARJUNAM

Trasportation

Reach Srisailam by Air

Srisailam is 232 km from Hyderabad, which has the nearest airport.

Reach Srisailam by Rail

Trains come up to Markapur (on the Guntur- Hubli line), 85 km from Srisailam, from where you can get a taxi or bus.

Reach Srisailam by Bus

State Transport buses and the local Devasthanam buses ply regularly. You can also join an APTTDC weekend tour from Hyderabad to Srisailam (cost Rs205 approximately). The tour leaves at 11:30 am on Saturday and returns at 9:00 pm on Sunday. Accommodation has to be arranged separately on prior notice.

Getting Around Srisailam

Local transportation is available in the form of buses, cycle rickshaws and autos. Of course it would be convenient if you had your own transport.

Accommodation

The Devasthanam is having  individual cottages, Pathaleswara Sadan with 23 Deluxe Suites, Ganga – Gowri Complex with 110 Suits, Sivasadanam  Choultry with 100 rooms, T.T.D  Choultry with 10 rooms, Chandeswara Sadanam with 22 rooms and a dormitory Choultry consisting of 7 Halls.

Devasthanam is also constructing a modern complex with 64 suites named as Mallikarjuna Sadan and a Modern Guest House Bramarambha Sadan with 16 Suits and the construction works will be completed shortly.

Rents

Room rents ranges from Rs.100/- to Rs.2,000/-

Contact details

Srisaila Devasthanam

Srisailam 518101,

Phone: 08524 – 288883,288885,

288886, 288887,288888.

E-mail: eo@srisailamtemple.com

Official Website: www.srisailamtemple.com/

Srisailam Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple is one of the 18 Maha Sakti Peetha. The mythology of Daksha yaga and Sati’s self immolation resulted in the emergence of Sri Parvati in the place of Sati Devi and making Shiva a house holder. This mythology is the story behind the origin of Sakti Peethas. They are holy abodes of Sakti formed due the falling of Sati Devi’s corpse when Shiva carried it and wandered. It is believed that Sati Devi’s Upper lip has fallen here.

–ohhm Namah Shivaya–

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