Lord Ganesha is the God of knowledge. Lord Ganesha is worshipped before the beginning of all actions including any new rituals, before starting any work to remove the obstacles and protect the devotees in the performance of all their activities. The name “Vigneshwara” is known to remove the hardest of all obstacles [Vigna] and allow success to his dieties. There are several days in the month according to the Phase of the moon or star position which are important for each of the Deity we worship.
Sankashta Chaturdhi Day :
Chathurthi is very important for Sri Ganesha. SankataHara Chaturdhi (Sankashti Chaturthi) is worshipped on the Fourth day after New Moon every month (Chavithi Thidi) and is auspicious for special pooja and Havan [Homam] for Sri Ganesha. If Sankashti Chaturthi falls on Tuesday, it is known as Angaraki Chaturthi or Angaraka Chaturthi. Angaraki is the other name of Mangal or Kuja or Chevaai or Bhauma (planet Mars).
Devotees fast for a whole day and break their fast at night after Worshipping Lord Ganesh and Moon and having Darshan of Lord Moon. This vow is observed to get rid of problems in life.
Sankasta Pooja :
- On Sankasta Day, Wake Early Morning & Have Head Bath.
- Clean the House and Pooja place, Idol.
- Decorate Lord Ganesh with available flowers.
- Read Sankata Hara Ganesha Stotram and Ganesha Ashotaram.
- Offer Milk or Fruits to Lord Ganesh
- If Possible Fast till evening, pooja is performed.
Ganesha/Sankasta Pooja Process :
At Night before the Moon Rises Decorate Lord Ganesha with Flowers. If Available offer Durva ( Doorva - grass (creeper)) with 3 or 5 nodes. Lord Ganesha will be pleased to grant one’s heartfelt desires. You can also offer Hybiscus flower Garland or even Doorva (Grass) in the middle along with flowers. It depends on your availability & convinience.
Begin by reciting “Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah”
Follow this by repeating “Aum” thrice. Now take a sip of holy water and invoke the god to purify you by repeating Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah thrice and wash hands Now the puja can begin.
Sprinkle the ganesha idol with rice grains & flowers and chant – Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Asanam Samarpayami
Next wash the feet of the idol with rice and sandal water and chant ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Padyam Samarpayami’
Next offer the idol water to drink , thrice , while chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Achmaneeyam Samarpayami ‘
Next the idol has to be bathed with milk, curd, ghee. Honey and sugar. Chant ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Panchamrita Snanam Samarpayami’ .
After this make holy water offering. All the five offerings are to be made separately chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Payah Snanam Samarpayami ‘ when offering milk.
‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Dadhi Snanam Samarpayami‘ when offering curd.
‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Ghrut Snanam Samarpayami‘ when offering ghee.
‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Madhu Snanam Samarpayami’ when offering honey.
‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Sharkara Snanam Samarpayami’ when offering sugar.
Now offer holy water to the idol and then wipe it clean with a piece of cloth while chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Uttaraposhnam Samarpayami’.
Now all the necessary ablutions have been completed.
The puja will proceed by making various offerings to lord ganesha Offer raiment to the idol in the form of two threads chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Vastropvastram Samarpayami’.
When offering white thread repeat ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Yagyopveetam Samarpayami’.
Now red sandal powder paste is applied to the brow of the idol while chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Gandham samarpayami’.
Offer rice and chant, ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Akshtam Samarpayami’.
Garland the idol, shower flowers and chant, ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Puspam Samarpayami’.
Offer Durva grass chanting, ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Durvan Kuran Samarpayami’.
Leaves offering chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Bilvapatram Samarpayami’.
Burned perfume offering to be made while chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Dhoopam Agrapyami’.
Perform the aarti of the idol with a ghee lamp chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Deepam Darshyami’.
Give sweets to the lord, chanting ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Naivedyam Samaryami’.
Offer water to the idol ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Achmaneeyam Samarpayami’.
Offer fruit, ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Phalam Samarpayami’
Offer betel nut, betel leaf, clove and cardamom and chant ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Tamboolam Samarpayami’.
Offer coins and chant ‘Aum Shri Ganeshya Namah Dakshinam Samarpayami’
Chant “Om Ganeshaya namaha” 108 times. Recite Ganesha Ashtothara (108 names of Lord Ganesh) and Sankata Hara Sthothram and bow before Lord. If one cannot recite 108 names he/she can read Sankashta Nashana Sthothram.
Offer coconuts, banana, flowers to the Lord. Sri Ganesha accepts prayers with offerings of all types of flowers, leaves, grass and all fruits and foods. However Thulasi is offered only on Ganesha Chathurthi day.
Modhakam is a sweet of special offered as prasadam and perform Arathi also. Sing Jay Dev jay Dev Lord Ganesha Bhjanan and Pooja will be finished.
During the fasting period, Sabudana kitchadi fruits /curds with Beaten rice are permitted. In the night After Moon Rise enjoy dinner with your family.
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