Pazhamudircholai is a Hindu temple, located about 16 kilometres north of Madurai,India atop a hill covered with dense forests.
One of the six important abodes (Arupadaiveedu) of Lord Muruga, it is close to the Vishnu temple of Azhagar Kovil.
It is said that the actual temple was Alzhagar Koil, which was shifted or relocated now as Pazhamudircholai during Thirumalai Naicker rule in Madurai.
The Entrance of Pazhamudhircholai of Azhagar Kovil, it is one of the Arupadaiveedu.
Pazhamudhircholai is rich in fruits, vegetables and flowers. It is a dense forest where Valli is supposed to have lived. It is a small temple with Valli, Deivayanai, and Lord Muruga in a separate shrine. Lord Ganesha is also present in a separate shrine. There is a Temple Tower and monkeys play around the area. There is another small temple above Pazhamudhir Cholai. Local tribes lead their life here. It is a fertile hill with many natural springs and herbs.
Pazhamutirc?lai is mentioned as the sixth of Lord Murugan’s ?ru Patai V?dukal, the six holiest Murugan shrines described by Cankam poet Nakk?rar in his poem Tirumuruk?rruppatai. Regarding the identity of the sixth major site, there is no consensus among scholars and many local temples are ascribed the distinction.
Most scholars, priests and devotees identify Palamutirc?lai with the shrine of Palamutircolai, twelve miles north of Madurai in the Alagar Hills, above the Alagarcoil Vishnu temple. While this temple is not as large or bustling as the other five recognized shrines, it is just as incredible to visit.
This shrine is located on the northern outskirts of Madurai in a pleasant wooded hill not far from Alagar Visnu Kovil, a fortified temple complex revered as one of the 108 abodes of Vishnu glorified by the hymns of the Alwars. At the top of the hill, is Noopura Ganga, a perennial waterfall with a temple dedicated to R?kkayi Amman. The N?pura Ganga atop the hill is said to originated from the anklet of Tirumal or Visnu and hence the name of the spring.
It is said that sitting in the madavi mandapa near the spring Ilangovadigal wrote one of the five mahakavyas in Tamil, viz., Cilappatikaram. Even today the place is very fertile with many trees and different flora and fauna, a standing testimony to the vivid description of the place’s natural beauty as found inTirumurugattruppadai of Nakkeerar.
Greatness Of Temple:
During the early days, there was a Vel only in the temple. Later, an idol of Muruga in a standing posture with His consorts Valli and Deivanai and the Aadhi Vel with a peeta was made. Lord Vithaga Vinayaka is on the right of His younger brother. This is the only temple among the Aaru Padai Veedu where Lord Muruga graces the devotees with His consorts. People bathe in the sweet Noopura Ganga and worship the Guardian Deity Rakkayi Amman. While the Naaval trees yield fruits in July-September months, the tree here yields fruits in Aipasi – October-November when Lord Muruga’s Skanda Sashti festival takes place. Lord Kallazhagar temple is at the foot of the hills. Sholaimalai Murugan temple is at the top.
Legend associated with temple
The great Tamil poet and saint Avvaiyar had been tested by Lord Murugan here. In order to play with Avvaiyar who was one of the very famous devotees of Lord Muruga, the Lord played a drama. One day Avvaiyar became tired while traveling because of very hot summer and so came under the shadow of a fruit tree. She was very hungry and thirsty. At that time, a small boy who was sitting on the tree asked her whether she wanted fruits from the tree. Avvaiyar told that she wanted fruits. At that time the boy asked Avvaiyar whether she wanted roasted fruits or unroasted fruits. Avvaiyar who was a famous Tamil poet, litterateur and having in-depth knowledge in Tamil thought, “Is there any roasted fruit in the world?” and decided that the small boy didn’t have knowledge even about a fruit. But, as she was very tired, she didn’t want to argue with the small boy and asked him to pick unroasted fruits for her. The boy shook the tree and so fruits fell under the tree. The mud under the tree had stuck on the fruit. Avvaiyar took the fruits and blew on the fruit to remove the mud. The boy interpreted it in the way that as the fruits were roasted and had become warm, Avvaiyar had blown the fruits to cool them. The boy asked Avvaiyar whether the fruits were warm?
Avvaiyar was astonished, how a small village cowboy had played such an intelligent drama! She had thought that the small boy had no knowledge about fruits and how the fruits in the tree may become roasted fruits. But blowing the air on the fruit to remove the mud is like blowing air to reduce the heat as the fruit is roasted. What a beautiful comparison. Such a beautiful comparison would not have risen in her mind even though she had gained rich knowledge in Tamil. She asked the small boy, “Who are you actually?” Then small boy disappeared and in his place, Lord Murugan appeared. Avvaiyar realized that it was a play of God and she understood that there were more and more things that she had to learn. She bowed to Lord Murugan and requested him to bestow her with bountiful knowledge.
Naaval tree usually yields fruits only during Aadi and Aavani months from July-September. Strangely, the tree in the place yields fruits in the Aipasi month (October-November) a month when Lord Muruga’s Sashti festival occurs.
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. continuously.
Daily pujas to the deities are performed six times a day (six kalams).
Forenoon : Ushat Kalam, Kalasandhi and Uchikala poojas
Afternoon poojas commencing from Sayaratchai and Rendam kalam
Arthajama pooja in the night.
Special Days at temple
- Panguni Uthiram-It is celebrated in the month of March.
- Vaikasi Visakam-Clebrated in the month of Vaigaasi. Visakam is Lord Muruga’s birthday star.
- Kandha Sashti-Kanta Shasti Vratam is observed once a year in the month of ‘Aippasi’ (October–November) starting from the ‘piratamai’ the 1st phase of the brightening moon.
- Aadi Krithigai-This is celebrated in the month of May/June.
Nearest Major Town/City
- Madurai – 9 km from Madurai to pazhamudhircholai.
Near by temples:
- Meenakshi Amman Temple
How to Reach
The nearest airport to Pazhamudhircholai is in Madurai.
The nearest railway station is Madurai.
- By Road:
Regular buses are available from Madurai.