MahaLakshmi is the Hindu goddess of wealth, prosperity (both material and spiritual), light, wisdom, fortune, fertility, generosity and courage; and the embodiment of beauty, grace and charm. Also is also called as Mahalakshmi, as she is said to bring good luck, and is believed to protect Her devotees from all kinds of misery and money-related sorrows.
Various Avtaras of Sri Lakshmi ;
Representations of Lakshmi (or Shri) are found in Jain and Buddhist monuments, in addition to Hindu temples. Mahalakshmi is endowed with six auspicious and divine qualities, or Gunas, and also because She is the source of strength even to Lord Narayana. She is the consort of Vishnu and married Rama (in Her incarnation as Sita) and Krishna (as Rukmini),and Venkateshwara (as Alamelu). In addition to Rukmini, however, she was also thought to have incarnated Radha, Krishna’s youthful lover prior to his marriage to Rukmini. In Vaishnava traditions, She is believed to be the Mother Goddess and the Shakti of Narayan.
Goddess Laksmi is the deity of wealth, affluence an ruling power. In astrology Venus represents Lakshmi, Durga, Santoshi Ma and Shiva-Parvati. Venus rules over Taurus and Libra signs. Venus in odd signs represents Lord Shiva. Venus in even signs represents Lakshmi, Annapurna Parvati, Vaishnavi Durga, Santoshi Ma etc. When Venus owns Lagna, 5th, 9th and 10th house and when Venus occupies Lagna, 5th, 9th, 10th and 12th house worship of Laxmi may give immense prosperity.
Story of Shri MahaLakshmi Evolution :
The appearance of goddess Lakshmi is related to an ancient story. Durvasa the short-tempered sage once presented Indra, the king of the gods (devas) with agarland of flowers which would never wilt. Indra gave this garland to his elephant Airavata. Sage Durvasa saw the elephant trampling the divine garland and cursed Indra, for he had shown disrespect to the sage. The sage cursed Indra that he and all the gods would lose their power because it had made them so proud and vain. Due to the curse, the demons vanquished the gods out of the heavens.
The defeated gods then went to seek refuge to the Creator Lord Brahma who asked them to churn the ocean of milk, Ksheersagar, to obtain the nectar of immortality. The gods then went to Lord Vishnu, to seek his assistance. Lord Vishnu took the Avatar Kurma (Tortoise) and supported the Manthara Parvata (mountain) as a churning rod, while the king of the serpents, Vasuki, became the churning rope. The gods and the demons (under the leadership of the pious and wise King Bali Chakravarti) both helped each other in churning the ocean of milk.
Amongst the host of divine gifts which appeared from the ocean, goddess Lakshmi appeared and then chose Shri Vishnu as her consort, as only He had the power to control Maya (illusion). Because of this, Lakshmi is also called the daughter of the sea; since the moon also appeared from the ocean during the churning, the moon is called her brother. Alakshmi, the goddess of misfortune, is Lakshmi’s elder sister.
Sri Lakshmi Discription in various Puranas ;
According to the Vishnu Purana, Lakshmi is the daughter of Bhrigu and Khyaati and resided in Swarga, but, due to the curse of Durvasa, She left Swarga and made Ksheersagara her home. In Devi Mahatyam Lakshmi depicted as Devi in Her universal form as Shakti. The manifestation of the Devi to kill Mahishasura is formed by the effulgences of all the gods. The Goddess is described as eighteen-armed, bearing a string of beads, battle axe, mace, arrow, thunderbolt,lotus, bow, water pot, cudgel, lance, sword, shield, conch, bell, wine cup, trident, noose and the discus sudarsana. She has a complexion of coral and is seated on a lotus. She is known as Ashta Dasa Bhuja Mahalakshmi.
The Reappearance of Lakshmi after Samudra manthan and her marriage to Vishnu thereafter, remain the same. Laxmi is the power and Maya of Lord Vishnu. In some places She is seen in two forms, Bhudevi and Sridevi, both either side of Vishnu or Sri Venkateshwara. Bhudevi is the fertility form in which She is Mother Earth. Sridevi is the wealth and knowledge of Her which is seen with Narayan. Most people are mistaken that they are separate beings although they are one, Laxmi.
Mahalakshmi’s presence is also found on Lord Sri Venkateswara (at Tirumala) or Vishnu’s chest, at the heart. Lakshmi is the embodiment of love,through which devotess can readch Lord Vishnu. Lakshmi represents a more soothing, warm and approachable mother figure who willingly intervenes, acts as an advocate in the lives of devotees on His behalf. When asking Vishnu for grace or the forgiveness of sins, Hindus often approach Him through Lakshmi.
Lakshmi is the embodiment of God’s superior spiritual feminine energy, or the Param Prakriti, which purifies, empowers and uplifts the individual. Hence, she is called the Goddess of Fortune and also as the Mother of the Universe.
Names of Sri Lakshmi :
Lakshmi has many names. She is known to be very closely associated with the Lotus, and her many epithets are connected to the flower, such as:
Padma: lotus dweller.
Kamala: lotus dweller.
Padmapriya: One who likes lotuses
Padmamaladhara devi: One who wears a garland of lotuses
Padmamukhi: One whose face is as beautiful as a lotus
Padmakshi: One whose eyes are as beautiful as a lotus
Padmahasta: One who holds a lotus
Padmasundari: One who is as beautiful as a lotus
Other names of Goddess Lakshmi :
Bhargavi: One who is the incarnation of the daughter of Sage Bhrigu
Sridevi: Goddess of wealth
Chanchala: One who is fickle and does not stay at one place
Bhumi Devi: Earth goddess
Indira: Beautiful goddess
Rama devi/Vaishnavi: Wife of Vishnu
Jalaja: Born from sea.
Roma: Wife of lord Hari
Appearance of Goddess Lakshmi :
Physically, goddess Lakshmi is described as a fair lady, with four arms, seated on a lotus, dressed in fine garments and precious jewels. Her expression is always calm and loving. The most striking feature of the iconography of Lakshmi is her persistent association with the lotus. The meaning of the lotus in relation to Shri-Lakshmi refers to purity and spiritual power. Rooted in the mud but blossoming above the water, completely uncontaminated by the mud, thelotus represents spiritual perfection and authority. In the Sri Vaishnava philosophy, Sri (Lakshmi) is honored as the Iswarigm sarva bhootanam, i.e., the supreme goddess and not just the goddess of wealth.
Forms of Lakshmi :
Ashta Lakshmi (eight Lakshmi”) are a group of eight secondary manifestations of Lakshmi who presides over eighteen forms of wealth, ten of which are the eight great siddhis called AshtaSiddhis, the spiritual knowledge or Gnana, and teaching or imparting the spiritual knowledge to the entire world.
The 8 Forms of Lakshmi includes ;
1) Adi Lakshmi [The main goddess]
2) Dhanya Lakshmi [Granary wealth]
3) Dhairya Lakshmi [Wealth of courage]
4) Gaja Lakshmi [Elephants, symbols of wealth]
5) Santana Lakshmi [Wealth of progeny]
6) Vijaya Lakshmi [Wealth of victory]
7) Vidya Lakshmi [Wealth of knowledge]
8) Dhana Lakshmi [Monetary wealth]
Any thing that need be affluent gets the auspicious prefix or suffix ‘Lakshmi’, or ‘Sri’ like Rajya Lakshmi (Wealth of Empire), Shanti Sri (Wealth of Peace), etc. In modern India, common titles standing in for the English Mr. and Mrs. are Shri (also Sri or Shree) and Shrimati (also Srimati or Shreemati), as in “Sri Gupta” or “Srimati Mangeshkar”.
Pujas and Mantras of Lakshmi :
Gaja Lakshmi Puja is celebrated in the Sharad Purnima, the full-moon day in the Oriya month of Aswina(September–October). The goddess of wealth is worshipped for one day, and, in some places, it is celebrated for seven to ten days, decorated with beautifully made images of Gaja Lakshmi are installed with abundant warmth and sincerity.
Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped by those who wish to acquire or to preserve wealth. It is believed that Lakshmi (wealth) goes only to those houses which are clean and where the people are hardworking. She does not visit the places which are unclean/dirty or where the people are lazy.
Most famous slokas of Sri Lakshmi includes Sri Mahalakshmi Ashtakam, Sri Lakshmi Sahasaranama Sthothra by Sanathkumara, Sri Stuti By Sri Vedantha Desikar, Sri Lakshmi Stuti By Indra, Sri Kanakadhara Sthothra by Sri Aadhi Shankaracharya, Sri Chatussloki by Sri Yamunacharya, Sri Lakshmi Sloka by Bhagavan Sri Hari Swamiji and Sri Sukta which is contained in the Vedas.
The famous Lakshmi Gayathri Sloka ” Om Mahalakshmichae Vidmahe sri Vishnupathinichae Dhi-Mahi Thanno Lakshmi Prachodayat” is a powerful prayer contained in the Vedic Sri Sukta, which when chanted everyday 108 times is known to grace the chanter with immediate grace of the Goddess within 90 days.
Sri Lakhmi Mantra:
OM SRIM HRIM KLIM TRIBHUVANA MAHALAKSHMYAI
ASMAKAM DARIDYA NASAYA PRACURA DHANA DEHI DEHI KLIM HRIM SRIM OM
Some of the famous Lakshmi Temples includes ;
- Ashtalakshmi Kovil, Chennai
- Ashtalakshmi Temple, Hyderabad
- Mahalakshmi Temple, Kolhapur
- Mahalakshmi Temple, Mumbai
- Sri Mahalakshmi Temple, Goravanahalli near Bangalore
- Mahalakshmi temple, Brazil
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